Effects of smartphone-based compensatory cognitive training and physical activity on cognition, depression, and self-esteem in women with subjective cognitive decline

Yanghee Pang, Oksoo Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Subjective cognitive decline is a symptom that may appear in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease. This study examined the effects of smartphone-based calendar training and walking exercise regimen on postmenopausal women experiencing subjective cognitive decline. Experimental group 1 participated in both calendar training and walking exercise, group 2 participated in calendar training only, and the control group did not receive either intervention. Forty-two participants completed a cognitive function test and questionnaire upon entering the study and 12 weeks later. The controlled oral word association score increased in experimental groups 1 and 2 and decreased in the control group. Memory contentment increased in experimental group 1, maintained in experimental group 2, and decreased in the control group. Smartphone-based calendar training and a walking exercise regimen improved executive function and memory contentment in everyday life, but the effects on depressive symptoms and self-esteem were not significant. Our findings demonstrate that smartphone-based calendar training and walking exercise improved cognitive function and have potential as nonpharmacologic interventions to strengthen cognitive function in women experiencing subjective cognitive decline.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1029
JournalBrain Sciences
Volume11
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Keywords

  • Calendar training
  • Depression
  • Nonpharmacologic intervention
  • Self-esteem
  • Smartphone
  • Subjective cognitive decline
  • Walking exercise

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