Effects of intraoperative ventilation strategy on perioperative atelectasis assessed by lung ultrasonography in patients undergoing open abdominal surgery: A prospective randomized controlled study

Sooyoung Cho, Hye Won Oh, Min Hee Choi, Hyun Jung Lee, Jae Hee Woo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Protective mechanical ventilation using low tidal volume has been introduced to surgical patients to reduce the incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications. We investigated the effects of protective ventilation (PV) techniques on anesthesia-induced atelectasis identified via lung ultrasonography in patients undergoing abdominal surgery. Methods: A total of 42 adult patients who were scheduled for open abdominal surgery with an expected duration > 2 hours were included in the study. Patients were randomized to receive either conventional ventilation (CV; tidal volume of 9-10 mL/kg predicted body weight [PBW] with no positive end-expiratory pressure [PEEP]) or PV (tidal volume of 6-8 mL/kg PBW and 5 cmH2O PEEP) via pressure-controlled ventilation with volume guaranteed. Lung ultrasonography was performed at four predefined time points to assess perioperative atelectasis by dividing each hemithorax into six quadrants based on a modified lung ultrasound (LUS) scoring system. Results: The tidal volume delivered to patients was 9.65 ± 1.65 mL/kg PBW in the CV group and 6.31 ± 0.62 mL/kg PBW in the PV group. Ventilation using low tidal volume led to similar LUS scores in all lung areas and at all time points compared to ventilation using high tidal volume. There was no significant difference between the groups in the number of patients requiring recruitment maneuvers at the end of surgery. Conclusion: Ventilation with low tidal volume combined with 5 cmH2O PEEP did not cause further loss of aeration compared to ventilation with high tidal volume. Low tidal volume ventilation can be used in patients without lung injury based on lung assessment by bedside lung ultrasonography.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberE327
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume35
Issue number39
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Abdominal surgery
  • Atelectasis
  • Lung ultrasonography
  • Mechanical ventilation
  • Tidal volume

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