Effects of cyanide and deoxyglucose on Ca2+ signalling in macrovascular endothelial cells

Suk H. Suh, Guy Droogmans, Bernd Nilius

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

1.. We have studied the effects of the metabolic inhibitors cyanide (CN) and deoxyglucose (DG) on the intracellular Ca2+ concentration ([Ca2+](i)) in macrovascular endothelial cells derived from human umbilical vein (EA cells). 2. CN- and DG increased [Ca2+](i) in non-voltage clamped cells. This effect was dependent on extracellular Ca2+ concentration and membrane potential, indicating that CN- induced a Ca2+ entry. 3. During expose to CN- and/or DG, EA cells depolarise. This depolarisation is sometimes preceded by a small, but transient hyperpolarisation due to activation of a big - conductance K+ channels, BK(Ca) present in EA cells. However, in approximately 90% of the cells tested, the CN- and/or DG induced elevation of [Ca2+](i) was insufficient to activate BK(Ca). 4. CN- and/or DG enhanced BK(Ca) currents preactivated by an elevation of [Ca2+](i) via cell dialysis with 0.5 and 1 μM, respectively. Thus, metabolic inhibition sensitises BK(Ca). 5. The CN- induced depolarisation of EA cells occurs by activating a current that reversed at positive membrane potentials. Substituting extracellular cations abolished the inward component of this current by NMDG, indicating that CN- activated a non-selective cation channel, NSC. This current was reduced by extracellular Ca2+ and Mg2+ but is partially carried by Ca2+. 6. It is concluded that CN elevates [Ca2+](i) by activating Ca2+ permeable NSC channels. The properties of these channels are similar to those of the recently described trp3 channels expressed in endothelium.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-168
Number of pages14
JournalEndothelium: Journal of Endothelial Cell Research
Volume7
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2000

Keywords

  • Ca entry
  • Cation channels
  • Hypoxia
  • Intracellular calcium
  • Metabolic inhibition
  • Patch clamp

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