Effect of the Peptization Process and Thermal Treatment on the Sol‐Gel Preparation of Mesoporous α‐Alumina Membranes

Danyal Naseer, Jang Hoon Ha, Jongman Lee, Chanhyuk Park, In Hyuck Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Compared to traditional membrane materials, alumina membranes are particularly bene-ficial for industrial wastewater treatment. However, the development of mesoporous α‐alumina membranes for ultrafiltration applications is still a challenge due to uncontrolled pore size. In this study, we optimized the sol‐gel method for the fabrication of a high‐performance mesoporous α‐ alumina membrane. The peptization conditions (pH and peptization time) and phase transformation of boehmite were investigated to achieve better properties of the α‐alumina membrane. The surface properties of the membrane were observed to be improved by reducing the system pH to 3.5 and increasing the peptization time to 24 h. The effect of sintering temperature on the phase transformation behavior, microstructures and performance of the membranes was also elucidated. An α‐alumina ultrafiltration membrane with an average thickness of 2 μm was obtained after sin-tering at 1100 °C. The molecular weight cut‐off of the α‐alumina membrane, as obtained by the filtration of aqueous PEG solution, was approximately 163 kDa (12.5 nm). This is the smallest pore size ever reported for pure α‐alumina membranes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number313
JournalMembranes
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Peptization
  • Phase transformation
  • Sol‐gel
  • Ultrafiltration
  • α‐AlO

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