Effect of respiratory syncytial virus on the growth of hepatocellular carcinoma cell-lines

Song Hee Choi, Byoung Kwon Park, Keun Wook Lee, Jun Chang, Younghee Lee, Hyung Joo Kwon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

In several reports, the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was identified as an oncolytic virus in cancer cells (e.g., lung and prostate cancer). However, the effects of RSV in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells have not yet been investigated. Here, we observed the inhibitory effects of RSV infection in HCC cell-lines. Cell growth was significantly decreased by RSV infection in BNL-HCC, Hep3B, Huh-7 and SNU-739 cells. After RSV infection, plaque formation and syncytial formation were observed in affected Hep3B and Huh-7 cells. RSV protein-expression was also detected in Hep3B and Huh-7 cells; however, only Huh-7 cells showed apoptosis after RSV infection. Furthermore, inhibition of cell migration by RSV infection was observed in BNL-HCC, Hep3B, Huh-7 and SNU-739 cells. Therefore, further investigation is required to clarify the molecular mechanism of RSV-mediated inhibition of HCC cell growth, and to develop potential RSV oncolytic viro-therapeutics.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)565-570
Number of pages6
JournalBMB Reports
Volume48
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 2015

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Cell growth
  • Hepatocellular carcinoma
  • Oncolytic effect
  • RSV

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