Effect of paclitaxel/carboplatin salvage chemotherapy in noncutaneous versus cutaneous metastatic melanoma

Wonjin Chang, Su Jin Lee, Silvia Park, Moon Ki Choi, Jung Yong Hong, Young Saing Kim, Chi Hoon Maeng, Hyun Ae Jung, Sungmin Kim, Jeeyun Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Little is known about the efficacy of salvage chemotherapy for patients with metastatic, noncutaneous melanoma after the failure of dacarbazine-based chemotherapy. Because of the high incidence of noncutaneous melanoma in Korea, we assessed the outcomes of paclitaxel/carboplatin (PC) salvage chemotherapy in patients with noncutaneous metastatic melanoma. We retrospectively analyzed patients with metastatic melanoma who received intravenous paclitaxel (175 mg/m) plus intravenous carboplatin (area under the curve 5) on day 1 of a 21-day cycle as salvage chemotherapy at Samsung Medical Center (SMC) between February 2009 and February 2012. The overall response rate, overall survival, and progression-free survival were evaluated. Thirty-two patients with a median age of 54 years (range 24-72 years) received PC as salvage chemotherapy. All patients had been pretreated with a median of three systemic chemotherapies. Of the 32 patients, 10 (31.3%) had cutaneous melanoma, eight (25%) had acral melanoma, 10 (31.3%) had mucosal melanoma, and two (6.3%) had ocular melanoma. In response to treatment, seven of the 32 patients (21.9%) achieved partial response and 11 (34.4%) had stable disease. The median progression-free survival was 2.53 months for all patients, 4.3 months for patients with controlled disease (partial response and stable disease), and 1.37 months for patients with progressive disease (P=0.0001). The median overall survival was 5.2 months. No significant difference was noted between patients with noncutaneous and cutaneous metastatic melanoma (P=0.75). PC salvage chemotherapy may be a reasonable therapeutic option for heavily pretreated metastatic melanoma patients. Salvage therapy with this combination had definite clinically meaningful benefits in patients with metastatic melanoma, including those with noncutaneous melanoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalMelanoma Research
Volume23
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • metastatic melanoma
  • noncutaneous melanoma
  • paclitaxel/carboplatin
  • salvage chemotherapy

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