Effect of mannitol on ultrasonographically measured optic nerve sheath diameter as a surrogate for intracranial pressure during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy with pneumoperitoneum and the trendelenburg position

In Jung Jun, Myong Kim, Joonho Lee, Se Ung Park, Jai Hyun Hwang, Jun Hyuk Hong, Young Kug Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Introduction: CO2 pneumoperitoneum and the steep Trendelenburg position during robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) can increase intracranial pressure (ICP). Mannitol is widely used to treat increased ICP. However, no studies to date have specifically evaluated the effect of mannitol on ICP in patients undergoing RALP. Ultrasonographic measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is considered a reliable technique to noninvasively evaluate the ICP. Therefore, this study compared ONSDs as a surrogate for ICP before and after mannitol administration in prostate cancer patients undergoing RALP. Methods: Mannitol (0.5 g/kg) was administered after pneumoperitoneum establishment and shifting to the Trendelenburg position. ONSDs were measured at six predetermined time points: 10 minutes after anesthesia induction (T0); 5 minutes after pneumoperitoneum and the Trendelenburg position before mannitol administration (T1); 30 minutes (T2), 60 minutes (T3), and 90 minutes (T4) after completion of mannitol administration during pneumoperitoneum and the Trendelenburg position; and at skin closure in the supine position (T5). Moreover, intraoperative hemodynamic and respiratory variables were evaluated simultaneously. Results: Thirty-six patients were analyzed. ONSDs were significantly lower at T2, T3, and T4 than at T1 (all p < 0.001), with the greatest decrease observed at T4 compared with T1 (4.46 ± 0.2 mm vs 4.81 ± 0.3 mm, p < 0.001). Regional cerebral oxygen saturation, cardiac output, corrected flow time, peak velocity, body temperature, arterial CO2 partial pressure, peak airway pressure, plateau airway pressure, dynamic compliance, and static compliance were not significantly different during pneumoperitoneum and the Trendelenburg position; however, mean arterial blood pressure and heart rate were significantly different. Conclusions: Mannitol decreases the ONSD in patients undergoing RALP with CO2 pneumoperitoneum and the steep Trendelenburg position. This result provides useful information on the beneficial effects of mannitol administration on prostate cancer patients who may develop increased ICP during RALP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)608-613
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Endourology
Volume32
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2018

Keywords

  • mannitol
  • optic nerve sheath diameter
  • Robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy

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