6-Mercaptopurine (6-MP) is a cornerstone of the maintenance regimen for pediatric acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase (ITPA) is considered a candidate pharmacogenetic marker that may affect metabolism and 6-MP-induced toxicities; however, the findings are inconsistent. Therefore, we attempted to evaluate the effect of ITPA 94C>A polymorphism on 6-MP-induced hematological toxicity and hepatotoxicity through a systematic review and meta-analysis. A literature search for qualifying studies was conducted using the PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase databases until October 2021. Overall, 10 eligible studies with 1072 pediatric ALL patients were included in this meta-analysis. The results indicated that ITPA 94C>A was significantly associated with 6-MP-induced neutropenia (OR 2.38, 95% CI: 1.56–3.62; p = 0.005) and hepatotoxicity (OR 1.98, 95% CI: 1.32–2.95; p = 0.0009); however, no significant association was found between the ITPA 94C>A variant and 6-MP-induced leukopenia (OR 1.75, 95% CI: 0.74–4.12; p = 0.20). This meta-analysis demonstrated that ITPA 94C>A polymorphism could affect 6-MP-induced toxicities. Our findings suggested that ITPA genotyping might help predict 6-MP-induced myelosuppression and hepatotoxicity.
- ITPA 94C>A
- adverse drug reactions
- inosine triphosphate pyrophosphatase