Educational Needs for Psychiatric Nursing Competencies among Non-Psychiatric Nurses

Min Ki Son, Suk Sun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Purpose: The purpose of this study is to identify and prioritize educational needs for psychiatric nursing competencies among 142 non-psychiatric nurses from general hospitals. Methods: Data were collected from November 13 to 19 2022 through self-administered questionnaires consisting of measures of psychiatric nursing competencies. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, paired t-test, Borich's needs assessment model, and the Locus for Focus model to determine the priority of educational needs. Results: Non-psychiatric nurses reported that enhancing skills in psychiatric nursing were more significant than improving knowledge and attitude using Borich’s Needs Assessment Model and the Locus for Focus Model. The highest priority educational needs were ‘Skill to distinguish whether symptoms in psychiatric patients are symptoms of mental illness or side effects of psychiatric drugs’, ‘Skill to calm and supportive communication in psychiatric emergency when psychiatric patients are at risk of harm’, ‘Attitude to remain calm about the psychotic behaviors of psychiatric patients’, and ‘Knowledge of non-therapeutic communication that interferes with effective communication with psychiatric patients’. These items should be considered as priorities among the 39 items to improve psychiatric nursing competencies. Conclusion: Results of this study suggest that developing intervention programs to enhance psychiatric nursing competencies are needed among non-psychiatric Nurses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-161
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Korean Academy of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing.


  • Educational measurement
  • Needs assessment
  • Nurse
  • Professional competence
  • Psychiatric nursing


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