Educational barriers of rural youth: Relation of individual and contextual difference variables

Matthew J. Irvin, Soo yong Byun, Judith L. Meece, Thomas W. Farmer, Bryan C. Hutchins

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

52 Scopus citations


The purpose of this study was to examine the relation of several individual and contextual difference factors to the perceived educational barriers of rural youth. Data were from a broader national investigation of students' postsecondary aspirations and preparation in rural high schools across the United States. The sample involved more than 7,000 rural youth in 73 high schools across 34 states. Results indicated that some individual (e.g., African American race/ethnicity) and contextual (e.g., parent education) difference factors were predictive while others were not. Extensions to, similarities, and variations with previous research are discussed. Implications, limitations, and suggestions for future research are also discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-87
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Career Assessment
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2012

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article: This research was supported by a grant from the Institute of Education Sciences.

Funding Information:
This work was supported by a Research and Development Center grant (R305A04056) from the Institute of Education Sciences to the National Research Center on Rural Education Support.


  • contextual differences
  • educational barriers
  • high school
  • individual differences
  • rural


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