Eating Difficulties among Older Adults with Dementia in South Korean Long-Term Care Facilities: A Scoping Review

Dukyoo Jung, Kyuri Lee, Eunju Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study synthesized the literature on eating difficulties among older adults with dementia in long-term care facilities. Methods: A scoping review, using the framework proposed by Arksey & O'Malley (2005) and supplemented by Levac et al. (2010), was conducted. Literature was searched from RISS, KISS, DBpia, PubMed, and CINAHL. Two reviewers independently selected studies and extracted their characteristics, using pre-tested forms to determine final inclusion. In total, 1283 articles were identified, and 13 articles were used for the final analysis. Results: The Eating Behavior Scale and the Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia scale were the most widely utilized measurement tools. The most common factors related to eating behavior in older adults with dementia were cognitive and physical functions in the individual domain, the caregiver's attitude toward eating in the inter-individual domain, and meal type in the environmental domain. Conclusion: Measurement tools reflecting the eating behavior of older adults with dementia must be developed to obtain a comprehensive understanding of this issue and create effective interventions for the specific context of long-term care facilities in Korea. The results of this study are intended to serve as a basis to develop meal support programs for older adults with dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)470-481
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of the Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing
Issue number4
StatePublished - Nov 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Korean Academy of Fundamentals of Nursing


  • Aged
  • Dementia
  • Eating behavior
  • Nursing homes
  • Review


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