We study the Hubbard-Holstein model which includes both the electron-electron and electron-phonon interactions, characterized by U and g, respectively. The model is solved with U and g on an equal footing in the infinite dimensions by employing the dynamical mean-field theory in combination with Wilson's numerical renormalization group. A zero temperature phase diagram of symmetry unbroken states at half filling is mapped out which exhibits the interplay between the two kinds of interactions and combines the two separately studied interaction-driven metal-insulator transitions of the Hubbard and Holstein models within a single frame. The ground state is metallic when both U and g are small, but is insulating when U or g is large, referred to as, respectively, Mott-Hubbard insulator (MHI) and bipolaren insulator (BPI). As the phase boundary between the metallic and MHI (BPI) states is approached from the metallic region, the quasiparticle weight z goes to O continuously (discontinuously). Moreover, the two insulating states are distinct and cannot be adiabatically connected, and there is a first order phase transition between them.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|State||Published - Sep 2004|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank Tae-Suk Kim, Yunkyu Bang, Ralf Bulla, Alex Hewson, and Dietrich Meyer for helpful comments and discussions. This work was supported by the Korea Science and Engineering Foundation (KOSEF) through Grant No. R01-1999-000-00031-0, and by the Ministry of Education through BK21 SNU-SKKU Physics program. J.H.H. and H.C.L. acknowledge the support from CSCMR. J.H.H. also acknowledges the support from the Korea Research Foundation Grant (KRF-2002-003-C00042).