dTBP2 attenuates severe airway inflammation by blocking inflammatory cellular network mediated by dTCTP

Hyunsoo Cho, Hyo Kyeong Kim, Areum Oh, Mi Gyeong Jeong, Jiseo Song, Kyunglim Lee, Eun Sook Hwang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Dimeric translationally controlled tumor protein (dTCTP), also known as histamine-releasing factor, amplifies allergic responses and its production has been shown to increase in inflammatory diseases such as allergic asthma. Despite the critical role of dTCTP in allergic inflammation, little is known about its production pathways, associated cellular networks, and underlying molecular mechanisms. In this study, we explored the dTCTP-mediated inflammatory networks and molecular mechanisms of dTCTP associated with lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced severe asthma. LPS stimulation increased dTCTP production by mast cells and dTCTP secretion during degranulation, and extracellular dTCTP subsequently increased the production of pro-inflammatory molecules, including IL-8, by airway epithelial cells without affecting mast cell activation. Furthermore, dimeric TCTP-binding peptide 2 (dTBP2), a dTCTP inhibitor peptide, selectively blocked the dTCTP-mediated signaling network from mast cells to epithelial cells and decreased IL-8 production through IkB induction and nuclear p65 export in airway epithelial cells. More importantly, dTBP2 efficiently attenuated LPS-induced severe airway inflammation in vivo, resulting in decreased immune cell infiltration and IL-17 production and attenuated dTCTP secretion. These results suggest that dTCTP produced by mast cells exacerbates airway inflammation through activation of airway epithelial cells in a paracrine signaling manner, and that dTBP2 is beneficial in the treatment of severe airway inflammation by blocking the dTCTP-mediated inflammatory cellular network.

Original languageEnglish
Article number112316
JournalBiomedicine and Pharmacotherapy
StatePublished - Dec 2021


  • Airway epithelial cell
  • Cellular network
  • Mast cell
  • dTBP2
  • dTCTP


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