DROSHA-dependent AIM2 inflammasome activation contributes to lung inflammation during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis

Soo Jung Cho, Kyoung Sook Hong, Ji Hun Jeong, Mihye Lee, Augustine M.K. Choi, Heather W. Stout-Delgado, Jong Seok Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) has been linked to chronic lung inflammation. Drosha ribonuclease III (DROSHA), a class 2 ribonuclease III enzyme, plays a key role in microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis. However, the mechanisms by which DROSHA affects the lung inflammation during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) remain unclear. Here, we demonstrate that DROSHA regulates the absent in melanoma 2 (AIM2) inflammasome activation during idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). Both DROSHA and AIM2 protein expression were elevated in alveolar macrophages of patients with IPF.We also found thatDROSHAand AIM2 protein expression were increased in alveolar macrophages of lung tissues in a mouse model of bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis. DROSHA deficiency suppressed AIM2 inflammasome-dependent caspase-1 activation and interleukin (IL)-1β and IL-18 secretion in primary mouse alveolar macrophages and bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDMs). Transduction of microRNA (miRNA) increased the formation of the adaptor apoptosis-associated speck-like protein containing a caspase recruitment domain (ASC) specks, which is required for AIM2 inflammasome activation in BMDMs. Our results suggest that DROSHA promotes AIM2 inflammasome activation-dependent lung inflammation during IPF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number938
JournalCells
Volume8
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2019

Keywords

  • AIM2 inflammasome
  • DROSHA
  • Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
  • MiRNA

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