In early pregnancy, adequate dietary factors are important for the growth of human trophoblast cells, followed by placental development. Although stearoyl-CoA desaturase 1 (SCD1) is expected to relieve palmitic acid (PA)-induced lipotoxicity by regulating diacylglycerol and ceramide, its function is unclear in human trophoblast cells. The aim was to investigate inhibitory effects of SCD1 activity on PA-induced trophoblast cell death. PA induces cell death and inhibits the invasion of human trophoblast cells (HTR8/SVneo). In addition, we demonstrate that SCD1 has a protective role against PA in human trophoblast cells by regulating AKT-mediated signaling pathway and mitochondrial membrane potential. The knockdown of SCD1 enhances the proapoptotic activity of PA in HTR8/SVneo cells. Lastly, we investigated microRNA expression predicted to target SCD1 and diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) by PA. Collectively, the results suggest potential roles of SCD1 and DGAT1 in alleviating the toxicity of PA and maintaining lipid homeostasis for normal placentation.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the Korea Health Technology R&D Project ( HI15C0810 ) through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Basic Science Research Program ( 2015R1D1A1A01059331 ) through the NRF of Korea funded by the Ministry of Education, Science, and Technology, Republic of Korea .
© 2017 Elsevier Inc.
- Palmitic acid