Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a rising two-dimensional material possessing intrinsic semiconducting property with unique geometric configuration featuring superimposed heterocyclic sp2 carbon and nitrogen network, nonplanar layer chain structure, and alternating buckling. The inherent porous structure of heptazine-based g-C3N4 features electron-rich sp2 nitrogen, which can be exploited as a stable transition metal coordination site. Multiple metal-functionalized g-C3N4 systems have been reported for versatile applications, but local coordination as well as its electronic structure variation upon incoming metal species is not well understood. Here we present detailed bond coordination of divalent iron (Fe2+) through micropore sites of graphitic carbon nitride and provide both experimental and computational evidence supporting the aforementioned proposition. In addition, the utilization of electronic structure variation is demonstrated through comparative photocatalytic activities of pristine and Fe-g-C3N4.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Multi-Dimensional Directed Nanoscale Assembly Cr e a t i v e R e s e a r c h I n i t i a t i v e ( C R I ) Ce nt e r (2015R1A3A2033061) of the National Research Foundation of Korea (MSIP). Asian Office of Airforce Research and Development program (AOARD FA 2386-14-1-4013) financially supported this work. D.H.K. and M.Y. acknowledge the financial support by Midcareer Research Program through NRF grant funded by the MEST (2014R1A2A1A09005656).
© 2016 American Chemical Society.
- carbon nitride
- density functional theory
- heteroatom doping