Divalent Fe Atom Coordination in Two-Dimensional Microporous Graphitic Carbon Nitride

Youngtak Oh, Jin Ok Hwang, Eui Sup Lee, Minji Yoon, Viet Duc Le, Yong Hyun Kim, Dong Ha Kim, Sang Ouk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Scopus citations


Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a rising two-dimensional material possessing intrinsic semiconducting property with unique geometric configuration featuring superimposed heterocyclic sp2 carbon and nitrogen network, nonplanar layer chain structure, and alternating buckling. The inherent porous structure of heptazine-based g-C3N4 features electron-rich sp2 nitrogen, which can be exploited as a stable transition metal coordination site. Multiple metal-functionalized g-C3N4 systems have been reported for versatile applications, but local coordination as well as its electronic structure variation upon incoming metal species is not well understood. Here we present detailed bond coordination of divalent iron (Fe2+) through micropore sites of graphitic carbon nitride and provide both experimental and computational evidence supporting the aforementioned proposition. In addition, the utilization of electronic structure variation is demonstrated through comparative photocatalytic activities of pristine and Fe-g-C3N4.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)25438-25443
Number of pages6
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number38
StatePublished - 28 Sep 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016 American Chemical Society.


  • Fe
  • carbon nitride
  • coordination
  • density functional theory
  • heteroatom doping
  • photocatalyst


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