Distributed and interoperable simulation for comprehensive disaster response management in facilities

Minji Choi, Richmond Starbuck, Seulbi Lee, Sungjoo Hwang, Sang Hyun Lee, Moonseo Park, Hyun Soo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Disaster-related simulations can be helpful for conducting various analysis on damage evaluations and response operations in damaged facilities. However, no single simulation can solve all the functional needs for complex disaster situations due to diverse disasters, damage types, and response efforts. To address these issues, the authors have developed a distributed simulation platform for a comprehensive analysis of facility damage and response operations, which can be flexibly applied to diverse disaster situations. The High Level Architecture is adopted to synchronize different federates such as simulation models and incoming data streams within an interoperable simulation environment. The developed simulation platform includes five different disaster-related federates such as the Fire Dynamics Simulator, USGS earthquake data feeds, OpenSees structure response simulation, evacuation simulation, and restoration simulation. The accuracy of interactions among different federates was confirmed with the case simulations of a facility fire evacuation and an earthquake restoration situation. The developed platform provides a flexible and interoperable distributed simulation environment for comprehensive disaster response management of unexpected disaster situations while promoting reusability and future extendibility of existing and newly-added disaster-related simulations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
JournalAutomation in Construction
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier B.V.


  • Damage prediction
  • Disaster response
  • Distributed simulation
  • High Level Architecture
  • Response
  • Simulation


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