Spores of the plant pathogenic fungus Penicillium oxalicum inoculated onto wheat grains were inactivated using supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO 2). After the SC-CO 2 treatment at various conditions of temperature, time and amount of water cosolvent, the colony forming units (CFU) of fungal spores on wheat grains and the germination yields of wheat grains were determined. Among these SC-CO 2 treatment parameters, the inactivation of P. oxalicum spores was found to be significantly increased by adding water cosolvent. The optimal conditions determined by ridge analysis of response surface methodology were 233μL water, 44°C, and 11min, which resulted in a 6.41 log 10 CFU reduction of P. oxalicum. However, the germination yields of wheat grains significantly decreased when water cosolvent of 150 or 300μL was added to the grains contained in the 100mL SC-CO 2 treatment vessel.
- Fungal spore
- Supercritical carbon dioxide