Disease-specific mortality and prevalence trends in Korea, 2002-2015

Yoonhee Shin, Bomi Park, Hye Ah Lee, Bohyun Park, Hyejin Han, Eun Jeong Choi, Nam Eun Kim, Hyesook Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations


Background: Evaluation of mortality and prevalence trends is important for health planning and priority decision-making in health policy. This study was performed to examine disease-specific mortality and prevalence trends for diseases in Korea from 2002 to 2015. Methods: In this study, 206 mutually exclusive diseases and injuries were classified into 21 cause clusters, which were divided into three cause groups: 1) communicable, maternal, neonatal, and nutritional conditions; 2) non-communicable diseases (NCDs); and 3) injuries. Cause specific trends for age-standardized mortality and prevalence rates were analyzed by the joinpoint regression method. Results: Between 2002 and 2015, the age-standardized mortality declined to about 177 per 100,000 population, while the age-standardized prevalence rate increased to approximately 68,065 per 100,000 population. Among the 21 cause clusters, most of the disease mortality rates showed decreasing trends. However, neurological disorders, self-harm, and interpersonal violence included periods during which the mortality rates increased in 2002-2015. In addition, the trends for prevalence rates of human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome, tuberculosis, transport injuries, and self-harm, and interpersonal violence differed from the overall prevalence rates. The annual percent change in prevalence rates for transport injuries increased during 2004-2007, and then decreased. The self-harm and interpersonal violence prevalence rates decreased from 2004 to 2014. Conclusion: Between 2002 and 2015, overall decreasing trends in the mortality rate and increasing trends in the prevalence rate were observed for all causes in Korea. Especially, NCDs represented an important part of the increasing trends in Korea. For clusters of diseases with unusual trends, proper management must be considered.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere27
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Issue number4
StatePublished - 3 Feb 2020

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was supported by a grant from the Korean Health Technology R&D Project, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (study No. HI13C0729 & HI18C0446).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Korean Academy of Medical Sciences.


  • Joinpoint Analysis
  • Mortality
  • Prevalence
  • Republic of Korea
  • Trend


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