Direct deposition of anatase TiO2 on thermally unstable gold nanobipyramid: Morphology-conserved plasmonic nanohybrid for combinational photothermal and photocatalytic cancer therapy

Dohyub Jang, Subin Yu, Kyungwha Chung, Jounghyun Yoo, Filipe Marques Mota, Jianfang Wang, Dong June Ahn, Sehoon Kim, Dong Ha Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Deposition of crystalline titanium dioxide (TiO2) on gold nanostructures has been considered as a promising strategy for near-infrared (NIR) light-activated photocatalysis. A typical route comprises pre-deposition of amorphous TiO2 on the gold surface and its ensuing crystallization by high-temperature annealing. Such condition, however, is not compatible with highly plasmonic but thermally unstable sharp-tipped gold nanostructures, causing structural disruption and plasmonic decline. Herein, we report a hybridization method excluding high-temperature annealing, i.e., direct deposition of anatase TiO2 onto sharp-tipped gold nanobipyramid (Au NBP/a-TiO2) with conserving their morphology without agglomeration via low-temperature hydrothermal reaction. In addition to keeping the plasmonic photothermal performance, Au NBP/a-TiO2 exhibits enhanced photocatalytic generation of reactive oxygen species in response to the NIR excitation, evidencing the efficient injection of hot electrons from the Au NBP to the anatase shell. In vitro and in vivo studies revealed that the efficient photocatalytic/photothermal responses of Au NBP/a-TiO2, along with dispersion stability in biological media and minimal toxicity, hold potential for synergistic photothermal and photodynamic therapy. We believe that the low-temperature synthetic method introduced here might offer a general way of crystalline deposition of TiO2 on a variety of gold nanostructures, broadening the spectrum of NIR-responsive photocatalytic hybrid nanostructures for biomedical applications.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101472
JournalApplied Materials Today
Volume27
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2022

Keywords

  • Anatase titanium dioxide
  • Gold nanobipyramid
  • Heterojunction structure
  • Near-infrared photocatalysis
  • Photodynamic therapy

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