Difference in the volatile composition of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) according to their grades

Hee Cho In, Hyung Kyoon Choi, Young Suk Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

The differences in volatile components of pine-mushrooms (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.) according to their grades were observed by applying multivariate statistical methods to GC-MS data sets. A total of 35 and 37 volatile components were identified in raw and cooked pine-mushrooms, respectively. The volatile components in pine-mushrooms were primarily composed of C8 species, such as 3-octanol, 1-octen-3-ol, 1-octanol, (E)-2-octen-1-ol, 3-octanone, 1-octen-3-one, (E)-2-octenal, and octanoic acid. The levels of ethyl octanoate, junipene, and 3-methyl-3-buten-2-one were much higher in raw pine-mushroom of higher grades, whereas the reverse was true for C8 components. On the other hand, furfuryl alcohol, benzyl alcohol, phenylethyl alcohol, dihydro-5-methyl-2(3H)-furanone, 2(5H)-furanone, (E)-2-methyl-2-butenal, furfural, phenylacetaldehyde, benzoic acid methyl ester, camphene, and β-pinene were the major components of cooked mushrooms. These volatile components formed by various thermal reactions could be mainly responsible for the difference in volatile components of cooked pine-mushrooms according to their grades.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4820-4825
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Volume54
Issue number13
DOIs
StatePublished - 28 Jun 2006

Keywords

  • Difference
  • GC-MS
  • Grade
  • Pine-mushroom (Tricholoma matsutake Sing.)
  • Principal component analysis (PCA)
  • Volatile

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