Development of a single chain antibody using a phage display cloning method for the detection of 2,4-dinitrotoluene

Jung Hyun Na, Man Seok Joo, Won Kyu Lee, Hyunbo Shim, Si Hyung Lim, Sang Taek Jung, Yeon Gyu Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Single-chain variable fragments of antibodies (scFv) specific to 2,4-dinitrotoluene (DNT) were isolated from a phage library displaying synthetic human scFv fragments with 6 diversified complementary determining regions (CDRs). A DNT derivative that contained an extended amine group was synthesized and conjugated to the NHS-group that was linked to magnetic beads. Phages specific to the immobilized DNT derivatives were isolated from the library after 4 rounds of sequential binding and elution processes. The displayed scFv fragments from the isolated phages showed consensus CDR sequences. One DNT-specific scFv was expressed in E. coli and purified using Ni-affinity chromatography. The purified DNT-specific scFv binds specifically to the immobilized DNT-derivative with KD value of 6.0 × 10?7 M. The scFv and DNT interaction was not disrupted by the addition of 4-nitrotoluene or benzoic acid. These data demonstrate that the screened scFv from the phage displayed library could be used for selective and sensitive detection of explosives such as TNT.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)460-464
Number of pages5
JournalBulletin of the Korean Chemical Society
Issue number2
StatePublished - 20 Feb 2013


  • Biopanning
  • DNT
  • Phage display
  • Sensor
  • Single chain antibody


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