Development of a cyberbullying victimization scale for adolescents in South Korea

Jong Serl Chun, Jinyung Kim, Serim Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The study developed and validated a cyberbullying victimization scale by using a mixed-method approach. We generated 26 statements on cyberbullying via a literature review and concept mapping. We then modified these statements based on a qualitative expert review and Delphi survey and tested the reliability and validity of the scale. Exploratory factor analysis yielded 14 items, with a reliability of 0.80. We divided the scale into three subscales: verbal and sexual attacks, intrusiveness and social exclusion, and threat and extortion. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the three-factor model for this scale and presented an adequate-to-high model fit. This scale significantly correlated with all six external criteria and encompassed the essential elements of cyberbullying victimization and its unique features.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106744
JournalChildren and Youth Services Review
StatePublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Education of the Republic of Korea and the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF-2018S1A5A2A01034744).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 Elsevier Ltd


  • Adolescents
  • Cyberbullying
  • Scale development
  • South Korea
  • Victimization


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