Developing an Improved Strategy for the Analysis of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins/Furans and Dioxin-like Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Contaminated Soils Using a Combination of a One-Step Cleanup Method and Gas Chromatography with Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry

Haena Chu, Jungmin Jo, Younggyu Son, Ji Yi Lee, Yun Gyong Ahn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Soils contaminated with polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs), polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDFs), and dioxin-like (dl) polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), known as persistent organic pollutants (POPs), have garnered global attention because of their toxicity and persistence in the environment. The standard method for target analytes has been used; however, it is an obstacle in large-scale sample analysis due to the comprehensive sample preparation and high-cost instrumental analysis. Thus, analytical development of inexpensive methods with lower barriers to determine PCDDs/Fs and dl-PCBs in soil is needed. In this study, a one-step cleanup method was developed and validated by combining a multilayer silica gel column and Florisil micro-column followed by gas chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC-QqQ-MS/MS). To optimize the separation and quantification of 17 PCDDs/Fs and 12 dl-PCBs in soils, the sample cleanup and instrumental conditions were investigated. For quantification method validation, spiking experiments were conducted to determine the linearity of the calibration, recovery, and method detection limit of PCDDs/Fs and dl-PCBs using isotopic dilution GC-QqQ-MS/MS. The applicability of the simultaneous determination of PCDDs/Fs and dl-PCBs was confirmed by the recovery of native target congeners and labeled surrogate congeners spiked into the quality-control and actual soil samples. The results were in good agreement with the requirements imposed by standard methods. The findings in this work demonstrated the high accessibility of the sample cleanup and analysis methods for the efficient determination of PCDDs/Fs and dl-PCBs in contaminated soils.

Original languageEnglish
Article number738
JournalToxics
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.

Keywords

  • dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls (dl-PCBs)
  • gas chromatography with triple quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC-QqQ-MS/MS)
  • one-step cleanup
  • persistent organic pollutants (POPs)
  • polychlorodibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs)
  • polychlorodibenzofurans (PCDFs)
  • soils

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Developing an Improved Strategy for the Analysis of Polychlorinated Dibenzo-p-Dioxins/Furans and Dioxin-like Polychlorinated Biphenyls in Contaminated Soils Using a Combination of a One-Step Cleanup Method and Gas Chromatography with Triple Quadrupole Mass Spectrometry'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this