Objective To evaluate the gait pattern of patients with gait disturbances without consideration of defilades due to assistive devices. This study focuses on gait analysis using the inertial measurement unit (IMU) system, which can also be used to determine the most appropriate assistive device for patients with gait disturbances. Methods Records of 18 disabled patients who visited the Department of Rehabilitation from May 2018 to June 2018 were selected. Patients' gait patterns were analyzed using the IMU system with different assistive devices to determine the most appropriate device depending on the patient's condition. Evaluation was performed using two or more devices, and the appropriate device was selected by comparing the 14 parameters of gait evaluation. The device showing measurements nearer or the nearest to the normative value was selected for rehabilitation. Results The result of the gait evaluation in all 18 patients was analyzed using the IMU system. According to the records, the patients were evaluated using various assistive devices without consideration of defilades. Moreover, this gait analysis was effective in determining the most appropriate device for each patient. Increased gait cycle time and swing phase and decreased stance phase were observed in devices requiring significant assistance. Conclusion The IMU-based gait analysis system is beneficial in evaluating gait in clinical fields. Specifically, it is useful in evaluating patients with gait disturbances who require assistive devices. Furthermore, it allows the establishment of an evidence-based decision for the most appropriate assistive walking devices for patients with gait disturbances.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
© 2020 by Korean Academy of Rehabilitation Medicine.
- Assistive device
- Gait analysis
- Inertial measurement unit
- Wearable electronic device