Determinants of Myanmar’s Trade Pattern and Policy Implications for Effective Financing

Yuzana Hlaing, Jinhwan Oh, Kyungmin Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Purpose: This study examines Myanmar’s international trade pattern in terms of suggesting strategies to accelerate the country’s economic growth. Design/methodology/approach: This study uses a panel dataset of Myanmar’s 85 trading partners covering a period of a 25-year period (1994-2018). An empirical analysis based on the gravity model is conducted. Findings: The empirical results are basically consistent with the prediction of the gravity model, and ASEAN+6 turns out to be the most effective economic bloc among regional dummies. Further comparison between Myanmar’s actual and predicted trade flows showed its economic contact with neighboring countries was under-represented. Research limitations/implications: It is recommended for Myanmar to promote regional economic cooperation with neighboring South Asian and ASEAN members based on the perspective that regional competitiveness is in line with national competitiveness. Originality/value: Given the current military coup and potential economic sanctions from the international commun-ity, this study is timely and expected to have significant contributions to the literature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)100-110
Number of pages11
JournalGlobal Business and Finance Review
Issue number3
StatePublished - 2021

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 People and Global Business Association.


  • Gravity Model
  • Myanmar
  • Panel Data Analysis
  • Trade Pattern


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