Detection of nonylphenol with a gold-nanoparticle-based small-molecule sensing system using an ssDNA aptamer

A. Ru Kim, Sang Heon Kim, Dabin Kim, Seo Won Cho, Ahjeong Son, Moon Young Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs) threaten many kinds of life throughout the world. These compounds function the same as sexual hormones, inducing precocious puberty, gynecomastia, etc., in the human body. To prevent excess exposure to nonylphenol (NP), a simple and rapid detection system is needed. In this study, we develop a nonylphenol-specific aptamer from a random single-stranded DNA library and test a rapid sensor system based on the aptamer and gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The aptamer was screened by a methodology involving reduced graphene oxide (rGO). As a result of screening and sequencing, a DNA aptamer was developed that recognizes the target with high binding affinity (Kd = 194.2 ± 65.9 nM) and specificity. The sensor system developed using the aptamer and gold nanoparticles is sensitive (LOD = 2.239 nM). Circular dichroism (CD) spectrometry results show that the free aptamer binds to the target molecule. The aptamer was characterized using gold nanoparticles to measure UV absorbance. Our results suggest that the sensor system developed using this aptamer is useful for field diagnosis of small molecules.

Original languageEnglish
Article number208
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Volume21
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • Aptamer
  • Detergent
  • Endocrine disruptors
  • Nonylphenol
  • Reduced graphene oxide
  • SELEX

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