Design, synthesis, topoisomerase I & II inhibitory activity, antiproliferative activity, and structure-activity relationship study of pyrazoline derivatives: An ATP-competitive human topoisomerase IIα catalytic inhibitor

Pervez Ahmad, Hyunjung Woo, Kyu Yeon Jun, Adnan A. Kadi, Hatem A. Abdel-Aziz, Youngjoo Kwon, A. F.M.Motiur Rahman

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26 Scopus citations

Abstract

A series of pyrazoline derivatives (5) were synthesized in 92-96% yields from chalcones (3) and hydrazides (4). Subsequently, topo-I and IIα-mediated relaxation and antiproliferative activity assays were evaluated for 5. Among the tested compounds, 5h had a very strong topo-I activity of 97% (Camptothecin, 74%) at concentration of 100 μM. Nevertheless, all the compounds 5a-5i showed significant topo II inhibitory activity in the range of 90-94% (Etoposide, 96%) at the same concentration. Cytotoxic potential of these compounds was tested in a panel of three human tumor cell lines, HCT15, BT474 and T47D. All the compounds showed strong activity against HCT15 cell line with IC50 at the range of 1.9-10.4 μM (Adriamycin, 23.0; Etoposide, 6.9; and Camptothecin, 7.1 μM). Moreover, compounds 5c, 5f and 5i were observed to have strong antiproliferative activity against BT474 cell lines. Since, compound 5d showed antiproliferative activity at a very low IC50 thus 5d was then selected to study on their mode of action with diverse methods of ATP competition assay, ATPase assay and DNA-topo IIα cleavable complex assay and the results revealed that it functioned as a ATP-competitive human topoisomerase IIα catalytic inhibitor. Further evaluation of endogenous topo-mediated DNA relaxation in cells has been conducted to find that, 5d inhibited endogenous topo-mediated pBR322 plasmid relaxation is more efficient (78.0 ± 4.7% at 50 μM) than Etoposide (36.0 ± 1.7% at 50 μM).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1898-1908
Number of pages11
JournalBioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry
Volume24
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Apr 2016

Keywords

  • ATP-competitive inhibitor
  • Antiproliferative activity
  • Pyrazoline derivatives
  • Topoisomerase

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