Description of the mealtime of older adults with dementia in a long-term care facility: A video analysis

Dukyoo Jung, Hyesoon Lee, Eunju Choi, Jisung Park, Leeho Yoo

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study analyzed the mealtime structure of older adults with dementia in long-term care facilities. The study conducted video observations at 2 long-term care facilities with 10 residents and 24 staff members, resulting in 41 dyads. The average mealtime duration was 12.21 ± 5.16 minutes; the average time of a single intake was 0.21 ± 0.21 minutes; and the median of the eating interval was 0.17 minutes. The average verbal assistance time was 1.41 ± 1.31 minutes; the average verbal assistance frequency was short (23.92 ± 15.50 times). During mealtime, residents had an average of 5.00 ± 4.07 instances of failing to eat properly. The video analysis emphasized the necessity of implementing a mealtime assistance program that incorporates patient-centered education for the staff and ensures sufficient staffing to provide high-quality meals for residents in long-term care facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)176-182
Number of pages7
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume55
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

Keywords

  • Activities of daily living
  • Long-term care
  • Older adult

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