Stress is an overwhelming problem associated with neuronal damage leading to anxiety and depression. The compound 3, 4, 5-trimethoxycinnamic acid (TMCA) has shown anti-stress effects; however, its derivatives remained unknown for their anxiolytic properties. Here, therefore, we investigated derivatives of TMCA (dTMCA) for their anxiolytic effects using immobilization and electric shock-induced stress in rats. Derivatives of TMCA ameliorated anxiety in mice and rats revealed by extended period of time spent in the open arms of elevated plus maze. Stress-mediated repression of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) protein expression in the amygdala regions of rat brain and dopamine levels in the PC12 cells was restored by two selected derivatives (TMCA#5 and TMCA#9). Unlike TH expression, stress-induced protein expression of phospho-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (pERK) was unaffected by both derivatives in rats. Given the preferential inhibitory activity of dTMCA on dopamine and serotonin receptors, serotonergic road map of cellular signaling could be their target for anxiolytic effects. Thus, dTMCA would be promising agents to prevent neuronal damage associated with rampant stressful conditions.
|State||Accepted/In press - 2023|
- TMCA derivatives
- Tyrosine hydroxylase