Degradation patterns of tetracycline antibiotics in reverse micelles and water

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Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the chemical stability of tetracycline and oxytetracycline hydrochlorides in reverse micelles. Their reverse micellar solutions were prepared using cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, water and ethyl formate. The aqueous solutions of the tetracycline antibiotics were also prepared for comparison. The reverse micellar and aqueous solutions were stored at 37°C. Samples were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography. When evaluation was performed on an aqueous tetracycline HCl solution, its half-life was estimated to be 329 h. Its chemical stability was not improved after being dissolved in the reverse micelles, and a similar half-life of 330 h was observed. However, there were noticeable differences between the two systems in terms of degradation kinetics and degradation byproducts. On the other hand, oxytetracycline HCl was unstable in water so that its half-life was only 34 h. Very interestingly, pronounced improvement in stability was attained with the reverse micellar system: upon dissolving in the reverse micelles, its half-life was increased to 2402 h. There were also marked differences in degradation patterns and mechanisms of oxytetracycline HCl in water and the reverse micelles. Our study indicates that the reverse micellar system has potential applications in solubilizing and stabilizing oxytetracycline HCl, thereby contributing to the development of its dosage forms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1142-1149
Number of pages8
JournalBiomedical Chromatography
Volume20
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2006

Keywords

  • Ethyl formate
  • Micellar stabilization
  • Stability
  • Tetracycline antibiotics

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