Deep learning for bias correction of MJO prediction

H. Kim, Y. G. Ham, Y. S. Joo, S. W. Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

38 Scopus citations

Abstract

Producing accurate weather prediction beyond two weeks is an urgent challenge due to its ever-increasing socioeconomic value. The Madden-Julian Oscillation (MJO), a planetary-scale tropical convective system, serves as a primary source of global subseasonal (i.e., targeting three to four weeks) predictability. During the past decades, operational forecasting systems have improved substantially, while the MJO prediction skill has not yet reached its potential predictability, partly due to the systematic errors caused by imperfect numerical models. Here, to improve the MJO prediction skill, we blend the state-of-the-art dynamical forecasts and observations with a Deep Learning bias correction method. With Deep Learning bias correction, multi-model forecast errors in MJO amplitude and phase averaged over four weeks are significantly reduced by about 90% and 77%, respectively. Most models show the greatest improvement for MJO events starting from the Indian Ocean and crossing the Maritime Continent.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3087
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2021

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© 2021, The Author(s).

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