Decreased frontal white-matter integrity in abstinent methamphetamine abusers

Ain Chung, In Kyoon Lyoo, Seog Ju Kim, Jaeuk Hwang, Soojeong C. Bae, Young Hoon Sung, Minyoung E. Sim, In Chan Song, Jihyun Kim, Kee Hyun Chang, Perry F. Renshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

104 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study explored differences in frontal white-matter (WM) integrity between methamphetamine (MA) abusers and healthy comparison subjects using diffusion tensor imaging (DTI). Fractional anisotropy (FA) values, which indicate WM integrity, were calculated for regions-of-interest in frontal WM on diffusion tensor images of 32 MA abusers and 30 healthy comparison subjects. Frontal executive functions were also assessed by the Wisconsin Card Sorting test (WCST). MA abusers had significantly lower FA values in bilateral frontal WM at the anterior commissure-posterior commissure (AC-PC) plane and the right frontal WM 5 mm above the AC-PC plane relative to healthy comparison subjects. MA abusers had more total, perseveration and non-perseveration errors in the WCST relative to healthy comparison subjects. FA values of the right frontal WM 5 mm above the AC-PC plane negatively correlated with the number of total and non-perseveration errors in the WCST in MA abusers. In the sub-analysis for gender differences, lower FA values in frontal WM and more errors in the WCST were found only in male MA abusers, not in female MA abusers, relative to comparison subjects of the respective gender. We report that frontal WM integrity of MA abusers is compromised. This finding may also be related to impairment in frontal executive function. In addition, the neurotoxic effect of MA on frontal WM may be less prominent in women than in men, possibly due to oestrogen's neuroprotective effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)765-775
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
Volume10
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Diffusion tensor
  • Frontal lobe
  • Methamphetamine
  • White matter

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Decreased frontal white-matter integrity in abstinent methamphetamine abusers'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this