Data modeling versus simulation modeling in the big data era: Case study of a greenhouse control system

Byeong Soo Kim, Bong Gu Kang, Seon Han Choi, Tag Gon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations


Recently, big data has received greater attention in diverse research fields, including medicine, science, engineering, management, defense, politics, and others. Such research uses big data to predict target systems, thereby constructing a model of the system in two ways: data modeling and simulation modeling. Data modeling is a method in which a model represents correlation relationships between one set of data and the other set of data. On the other hand, physics-based simulation modeling (or simply simulation modeling) is a more classical, but more powerful, method in which a model represents causal relationships between a set of controlled inputs and corresponding outputs. This paper (i) clarifies the difference between the two modeling approaches, (ii) explains their advantages and limitations and compares each characteristic, and (iii) presents a complementary cooperation modeling approach. Then, we apply the proposed modeling to develop a greenhouse control system in the real world. Finally, we expect that this modeling approach will be an alternative modeling approach in the big data era.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)579-594
Number of pages16
Issue number7
StatePublished - 1 Jul 2017

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2017.


  • big data
  • Complementary cooperation
  • data modeling
  • greenhouse control system
  • simulation modeling


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