Data-driven machine learning models for the prediction of hydrogen solubility in aqueous systems of varying salinity: Implications for underground hydrogen storage

Hung Vo Thanh, Hemeng Zhang, Zhenxue Dai, Tao Zhang, Suparit Tangparitkul, Baehyun Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Hydrogen is a clean and sustainable renewable energy source with significant potential for use in energy storage applications because of its high energy density. In particular, underground hydrogen storage via the dissolution of hydrogen gas in an aqueous solution has been identified as a promising strategy to address the difficulties associated with large-scale energy storage. However, this process requires the accurate prediction of the solubility of hydrogen in aqueous solutions, which is affected by a range of factors, including temperature, pressure, and the presence of solutes. The present study thus aimed to effectively predict the solubility of hydrogen in aqueous solutions that vary in their salinity by employing a machine learning approach. Four machine learning models were developed and tested: adaptive gradient boosting (Adaboost), gradient boosting, random forest, and extreme gradient boosting. The performance of each model was quantified in terms of their coefficient of determination (R2), root mean square error (RMSE), and mean absolute error (MAE). The Adaboost algorithm exhibited superior performance across all metrics, with an R2 of 0.994, MAE of 0.006, and RMSE of 0.018. A Williams plot detected only 18 outliers in the Adaboost predictions from a total of 255 data points. These results indicate that machine learning techniques have the potential to serve as a valuable tool in the prediction of hydrogen solubility in aqueous solutions for underground hydrogen storage, facilitating the development of smart, cost-effective, and safe hydrogen storage technologies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1422-1433
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume55
DOIs
StatePublished - 15 Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

Keywords

  • Adaptive gradient boosting
  • Hydrogen solubility
  • Machine learning
  • Random forest
  • Underground hydrogen storage

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Data-driven machine learning models for the prediction of hydrogen solubility in aqueous systems of varying salinity: Implications for underground hydrogen storage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this