Cytotoxicity of lipid-soluble ginseng extracts is attenuated by plasma membrane redox enzyme NQO1 through maintaining redox homeostasis and delaying apoptosis in human neuroblastoma cells

Hwa Kyung Kim, Tae Gen Son, Dong Gyu Jo, Dong Chung Kim, Dong Hoon Hyun

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Lipid-soluble ginseng extracts (LSGE) is known to inhibit many types of cancer cells through arresting cell cycle and inducing apoptosis. Usually, normal cells are can also be damaged by anti-tumor reagents. The plasma membrane redox system (PMRS) is enhanced to compensate mitochondrial dysfunction and impaired energy metabolism. NADH-quinone oxidoreductase 1 (NQO1), a plasma membrane redox enzyme, is known to be induced by panaxytriol, one of components of lipid-soluble ginseng extracts (LSGE). The objective of this study was determine the mechanisms of NQO1 involved in neuroprotection in response to cytotoxicity induced by LSGE. Exposure of control SH-SY5Y cells to LSGE resulted in dramatic loss of cell viability in a dose-dependent manner. The loss of cell viability was significantly recovered in cells transfected with NQO1. LSGE-induced cell death occurred through apoptosis such as cell shrinkage, chromatin condensation and cleavage of poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase. These apoptotic features were significantly attenuated by overexpression of NQO1. Levels of oxidative/nitrative damage were highly elevated by LSGE in a dose-dependent manner. However, these elevated levels were greatly reduced by overexpression of NQO1. In addition, overexpression of NQO1 attenuated the decrease in mitochondrial complex I activity caused by LSGE. Taken together, these findings suggest that overexpressed NQO1 can protect cells against LSGE-induced cytotoxicity through lowering oxidative/nitrative damage and delaying apoptosis, supporting that stimulation of NQO1 activity could be a therapeutic targets in neurodegeration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339-1348
Number of pages10
JournalArchives of Pharmacal Research
Volume39
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2016

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2016, The Pharmaceutical Society of Korea.

Keywords

  • Apoptosis
  • Lipid-soluble ginseng extracts
  • NQO1
  • Oxidative damage
  • PMRS

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Cytotoxicity of lipid-soluble ginseng extracts is attenuated by plasma membrane redox enzyme NQO1 through maintaining redox homeostasis and delaying apoptosis in human neuroblastoma cells'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this