Cyberbullying Perpetration and Victimization in Youth: A Meta-Analysis of Longitudinal Studies

Laura Marciano, Peter J. Schulz, Anne Linda Camerini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

76 Scopus citations


Cyberbullying perpetration (CP) and victimization (CV) are prevalent issues in adolescent development. However, previous meta-analyses focused only on cross-sectional findings. The present study aims to meta-analytically summarize 56 longitudinal studies on CP, CV, and related factors in children and adolescents. Forty meta-analyses on CP and CV as both predictors and outcomes of person-related, Internet activity-related, and contextual factors were performed. Additional moderator analyses took into account study design, sample population, and quality of the studies. Results highlight reciprocal longitudinal effects among CP, CV, and both traditional bullying and victimization: CP causes externalizing problem behaviors over time, whereas CV constitutes a risk factor of internalizing problems, such as depression and anxiety. Conversely, behavioral problems and increased Internet use predict involvement in CP, while depression, anxiety, and Internet use also predict CV over time. Further longitudinal research is needed to provide empirical evidence on understudied concepts.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)163-181
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Computer-Mediated Communication
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2020

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2020 The Author(s). Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of International Communication Association. All rights reserved.


  • Adolescence
  • Cyber-Victimization
  • Cyberbullying
  • Externalizing
  • Internalizing
  • Media Use
  • Traditional Bullying


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