CYB5R3 functions as a tumor suppressor by inducing ER stress-mediated apoptosis in lung cancer cells via the PERK-ATF4 and IRE1α-JNK pathways

Joo Young Im, Soo Jin Kim, Jong Lyul Park, Tae Hee Han, Woo il Kim, Inhyub Kim, Bomin Ko, So Young Chun, Mi Jung Kang, Bo Kyung Kim, Sol A. Jeon, Seon Kyu Kim, Incheol Ryu, Seon Young Kim, Ki Hoan Nam, Inah Hwang, Hyun Seung Ban, Misun Won

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cytochrome b5 reductase 3 (CYB5R3) is involved in various cellular metabolic processes, including fatty acid synthesis and drug metabolism. However, the role of CYB5R3 in cancer development remains poorly understood. Here, we show that CYB5R3 expression is downregulated in human lung cancer cell lines and tissues. Adenoviral overexpression of CYB5R3 suppresses lung cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo. However, CYB5R3 deficiency promotes tumorigenesis and metastasis in mouse models. Transcriptome analysis revealed that apoptosis- and endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-related genes are upregulated in CYB5R3-overexpressing lung cancer cells. Metabolomic analysis revealed that CYB5R3 overexpression increased the production of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG). Ectopic CYB5R3 is mainly localized in the ER, where CYB5R3-dependent ER stress signaling is induced via activation of protein kinase RNA-like ER kinase (PERK) and inositol-requiring enzyme 1 alpha (IRE1α). Moreover, NAD+ activates poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase16 (PARP16), an ER-resident protein, to promote ADP-ribosylation of PERK and IRE1α and induce ER stress. In addition, CYB5R3 induces the generation of reactive oxygen species and caspase-9-dependent intrinsic cell death. Our findings highlight the importance of CYB5R3 as a tumor suppressor for the development of CYB5R3-based therapeutics for lung cancer.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)235-249
Number of pages15
JournalExperimental and Molecular Medicine
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2024

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