Current design guidelines’ streetscape improvement for visual perception and walkability: A case study of Sejong City, Republic of Korea

Jeeun Lee, Sohyun Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study explores how recent design guidelines have focused on the visual variety of streetscapes making them more attractive. To date, this topic has been one of the most challenging parts of constructing walkable streets. We evaluated the streetscape features of Sejong City, recently constructed as Republic of Korea's new capital city, and investigated their relationships with design guidelines. Consequently, we identified three principal reasons related to the design guidelines for the visual monotony in the street produced by the most up-to-date design guidelines compared with an ordinary street. First, the design guidelines cannot restrict the construction of large-scale buildings on the street, hindering visual changes caused by the zoning ordinance regulations because zoning regulations took priority when it comes to urban planning and regulatory governance. Second, design standards intending for a consistent street wall of buildings, which were used only in regard to the street enclosure standard, produced less spatial diversity and indistinct building bases, presenting weak vertical articulation. Third, applying the uniform standards for each building created repetitive architecture despite design standards for visual variety, such as recessed top floors, arcades, and retail uses for the ground floors facing a street.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-443
Number of pages21
JournalFrontiers of Architectural Research
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant NO. RS-2022-00165729 and Grant NO. 2022R1A2C2005193 .

Funding Information:
Jeeun Lee and Sohyun Park jointly worked on this paper. Jeeun Lee established the analytical framework, conducted the comparative analyses, and visualized the findings in diagrams. Sohyun Park developed the research context and interpreted the research implication. This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea Grant NO. RS-2022-00165729 and Grant NO. 2022R1A2C2005193.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 Higher Education Press Limited Company

Keywords

  • Design guideline
  • Pedestrian satisfaction level
  • Streetscape
  • Visual variety
  • Walkability

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Current design guidelines’ streetscape improvement for visual perception and walkability: A case study of Sejong City, Republic of Korea'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this