Culture and gender inequality: Psychological consequences of perceiving gender inequality

Zoe Kinias, Heejung S. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations


Previous research linking perceptions of gender inequality and psychological well-being were considered in light of the proposition that people from different cultures differ in their beliefs about how justifiable gender inequality is, and this research investigated these differences and their psychological consequences using cross-cultural comparisons. The results show that Hong Kong Chinese women saw gender inequality as less unjust (Study 1) and less unfair (Study 2) and valued gender equality less (Study 2) than European American women did. Gender inequality caused anger (Study 1) and predicted reduced life satisfaction (Study 2) more among European American women than among Hong Kong Chinese women. Implications for cross-cultural tolerance are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)89-103
Number of pages15
JournalGroup Processes and Intergroup Relations
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2012


  • culture
  • gender inequality
  • well-being


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