Crosstalk between YAP and TGFβ regulates SERPINE1 expression in mesenchymal lung cancer cells

Hyeon Joon Kong, Eun Ji Kwon, Ok Seon Kwon, Haeseung Lee, Jeong Yun Choi, Yung Jeong Kim, Wankyu Kim, Hyuk Jin Cha

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Serpin family E member 1 (SERPINE1), a serine proteinase inhibitor, serves as an important regulator of extracellular matrix remodeling. Emerging evidence suggests that SERPINE1 has diverse roles in cancer and is associated with poor prognosis. However, the mechanism via which SERPINE1 is induced in cancer has not been fully determined. In order to examine the molecular mechanism of SERPINE1 expression, the present study took advantage of the isogenic pair of lung cancer cells with epithelial or mesenchymal features. Using genetic perturbation and following biochemical analysis, the present study demonstrated that SERPINE1 expression was upregulated in mesenchymal lung cancer cells and promoted cellular invasiveness. Yes-associated protein (YAP)-dependent SERPINE1 expression was modulated by treatment with a Rho-associated protein kinase inhibitor, Y27632. Moreover, TGFβ treatment supported YAP-dependent SERPINE1 expression, and an enhanced TGFβ response in mesenchymal lung cancer cells promoted SERPINE1 expression. TGFβ-mediated SERPINE1 expression was significantly attenuated by knockdown of YAP or transcriptional co-activator with PDZ-binding motif, suggesting that crosstalk between the TGFβ and YAP pathways underlies SERPINE1 expression in mesenchymal cancer cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)111-121
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Oncology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (grant no. NRF‑2020R1A2C2005914) and by the Global Core Research Center (grant no. 2011-0030001). This work was also supported by Creative-Pioneering Researchers Program through Seoul National University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 Spandidos Publications. All rights reserved.


  • Crosstalk
  • Epithelial mesenchymal transition
  • Invasion
  • Plasminogen activator inhibitor 1
  • Serpin family E member 1
  • TGFβ
  • Yes-associated protein


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