Cross-cultural comparability of the Geriatric Depression Scale: Comparison between older Koreans and older Americans

Y. Jang, B. J. Small, W. E. Haley

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69 Scopus citations


It is becoming increasingly clear that, in order to better understand the implications of global aging, more cross-cultural research is needed. In the present study, the structure and validity of the Geriatric Depression Scale - Short Form (GDS-SF) was examined in Korean and US samples of older adults. The participants included 153 older adults living in Korea (mean age=65.9 years) and 459 older adults from Florida (mean age=72.4 years). All participants completed the original or translated versions of the GDS-SF, as well as additional demographic and health-related measures. The results indicated that the GDS-SF exhibited good reliability in both samples. However, the results of a principal components analysis indicated that the structure was not well replicated across the two samples. In general, the present study suggests that, despite great efforts to make the questionnaires equivalent in the two cultures, the concept of depression for older adults may vary greatly in Korea and the USA. Possible explanations for cross-cultural differences are discussed, as well as implications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)31-37
Number of pages7
JournalAging and Mental Health
Issue number1
StatePublished - 2001

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The present study was completed with support from the Institute on Aging atthe University of South Florida. The authors are greatly appreciative of the contriubtof Dr ioJames nA. M ortimand Der AmyrB. Graves, co-Principal Investigators of the CCHAS, in providing access to the US sample, and of Dr Sandra L. Renolds yfoher crmo tsmoe thnnpipsae r.


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