We have extracted the leading low-temperature contributions to the specific heat and the magnetic susceptibility from the thermodynamic Bethe-ansatz equations of the SU(2) invariant ferromagnetic Heisenberg chain of arbitrary spin S. This extends previous analytic results for S=1/2 to other spin values. The critical exponent for the specific heat is =-1/2, that for the susceptibility is =2, and that for the correlation length is =1. The susceptibility and the correlation length exhibit logarithmic corrections, reflecting the analogy to the Kondo problem. These logarithmic corrections are quenched by relatively small magnetic fields. In large fields the energy required to flip a spin gives rise to an exponential activation.