Crack-closing of cement mortar beams using NiTi cold-drawn SMA short fibers

Eunsoo Choi, Dong Joo Kim, Young Soo Chung, Hee Sun Kim, Chungsung Jung

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, crack-closing tests of mortar beams reinforced by shape memory alloy (SMA) short fibers were performed. For this purpose, NiTi SMA fibers with a diameter of 0.965 mm and a length of 30 mm were made from SMA wires of 1.0 mm diameter by cold drawing. Four types of SMA fibers were prepared, namely, straight and dog-bone-shaped fiber and the two types of fibers with paper wrapping in the middle of the fibers. The paper provides an unbonded length of 15 mm. For bending tests, six types of mortar beams with the dimensions of 40 mm? 40 mm? 160 mm (B?H?L) were prepared. The SMA fibers were placed at the bottom center of the beams along with an artificial crack of 10 mm depth and 1 mm thickness. This study investigated the influence of SMA fibers on the flexural strength of the beams from the measured force- deflection curves. After cracking, the beams were heated at the bottom by fire to activate the SMA fibers. Then, the beams recovered the deflection, and the cracks were closed. This study evaluated crack-closing capacity using the degree of crack recovery and deflection-recovery factor. The first factor is estimated from the crack-width before and after crack-closing, and the second one is obtained from the downward deflection due to loading and the upward deflection due to the closing force of the SMA fibers.

Original languageEnglish
Article number015018
JournalSmart Materials and Structures
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Bending tests
  • Crack-closing
  • Dog-bone shape
  • Shape memory effect
  • Sma short fibers

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