COVID-19 drugs: potential interaction with ATP-binding cassette transporters P-glycoprotein and breast cancer resistance protein

Jaeok Lee, Jihye Kim, Jiyeon Kang, Hwa Jeong Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2, has resulted in acute respiratory distress, fatal systemic manifestations (extrapulmonary as well as pulmonary), and premature mortality among many patients. Therapy for COVID-19 has focused on the treatment of symptoms and of acute inflammation (cytokine storm) and the prevention of viral infection. Although the mechanism of COVID-19 is not fully understood, potential clinical targets have been identified for pharmacological, immunological, and vaccinal approaches. Area covered: Pharmacological approaches including drug repositioning have been a priority for initial COVID-19 therapy due to the time-consuming nature of the vaccine development process. COVID-19 drugs have been shown to manage the antiviral infection cycle (cell entry and replication of proteins and genomic RNA) and anti-inflammation. In this review, we evaluated the interaction of current COVID-19 drugs with two ATP-binding cassette transporters [P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP)] and potential drug-drug interactions (DDIs) among COVID-19 drugs, especially those associated with P-gp and BCRP efflux transporters. Expert opinion: Overall, understanding the pharmacodynamic/pharmacokinetic DDIs of COVID-19 drugs can be useful for pharmacological therapy in COVID-19 patients.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pharmaceutical Investigation
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • ABC transporters
  • BCRP
  • COVID-19
  • COVID-19 drug
  • Drug-drug interaction
  • P-gp

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