Cough-related laryngeal sensations and triggers in adults with chronic cough: Symptom profile and impact

Ha Kyeong Won, Sung Yoon Kang, Yewon Kang, Jin An, Ji Hyang Lee, Sang Min Lee, Jae Woo Kwon, Min Hye Kim, Eun Jung Jo, Seung Eun Lee, Sae Hoon Kim, Sang Heon Kim, Yoon Seok Chang, Sang Hoon Kim, Byung Jae Lee, Sang Heon Cho, Surinder S. Birring, Woo Jung Song

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Recent evidence suggests that cough hypersensitivity may be a common feature of chronic cough in adults. However, the clinical relevance remains unclear. This study evaluated the cough-related symptom profile and the clinical relevance and impact of cough hypersensitivity in adults with chronic cough. Methods: This cross-sectional multi-center study compared cough-related laryngeal sensations and cough triggers in patients with unexplained chronic cough following investigations and in unselected patients newly referred for chronic cough. A structured questionnaire was used to assess abnormal laryngeal sensations and cough triggers. Patients with unexplained cough were also evaluated using the Leicester Cough Questionnaire (LCQ) and a cough visual analogue scale (VAS), and these scores were assessed for correlations with the number of triggers and laryngeal sensations. Results: This study recruited 478 patients, including 62 with unexplained chronic cough and 416 with chronic cough. Most participants reported abnormal laryngeal sensations and cough triggers. Laryngeal sensations (4.4 ± 1.5 vs. 3.9 ± 1.9; P = 0.049) and cough triggers (6.9 ± 2.6 vs. 5.0 ± 2.8; P < 0.001) were more frequent in patients with unexplained chronic cough than in those with chronic cough. The number of triggers and laryngeal sensations score significantly correlated with LCQ (r = -0.51, P < 0.001) and cough VAS score (r = 0.53, P < 0.001) in patients with unexplained chronic cough. Conclusions: Cough hypersensitivity may be a common feature in adult patients with chronic cough, especially those with unexplained chronic cough. Cough-related health status and cough severity were inversely associated with the number of triggers and laryngeal sensations, suggesting potential relevance of assessing cough hypersensitivity in chronic cough patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)622-631
Number of pages10
JournalAllergy, Asthma and Immunology Research
Volume11
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2019

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019 The Korean Academy of Asthma.

Keywords

  • Cough
  • Hypersensitivity
  • Symptom assessment

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