Cortico-cortical modulation induced by 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation of the temporal cortex

Mina Lee, Song E. Kim, Won Sup Kim, Jooman Han, Hee Jin Kim, Bom Sahn Kim, Ji Young Kim, Seung Bong Hong, Byung Gon Kim, Hyang Woon Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

17 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background and Purpose Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) has potential as a noninvasive neuromodulation treatment method for various neuropsychiatric disorders, and repeated sessions of rTMS are more likely to enhance the therapeutic efficacy. This study investigated neurophysiologic and spatiodynamic changes induced by repeated 1-Hz rTMS of the temporal cortex using transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) indices and fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET). Methods Twenty-seven healthy subjects underwent daily 1-Hz active or sham rTMS of the right temporal cortex for 5 consecutive days. TMS indices of motor cortical excitability were measured in both hemispheres daily before and after each rTMS session, and 2 weeks after the last stimulation. FDG-PET was performed at baseline and after the 5 days of rTMS sessions. Results All subjects tolerated all of the sessions well, with only three of them (11.1%) reporting mild transient side effects (i.e., headache, tinnitus, or local irritation). One-Hz rTMS decreased motor evoked potential amplitudes and delayed cortical silent periods in the stimulated hemisphere. Statistical parametric mapping of FDG-PET data revealed a focal reduction of glucose metabolism in the stimulated temporal area and an increase in the bilateral precentral, ipsilateral superior and middle frontal, prefrontal and cingulate gyri. Conclusions Repeated rTMS sessions for 5 consecutive days were tolerated in all subjects, with only occasional minor side effects. Focal 1-Hz rTMS of the temporal cortex induces cortico-cortical modulation with widespread functional changes in brain neural networks via long-range neural connections.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)75-82
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Neurology (Korea)
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2013

Keywords

  • Cortical excitability
  • Cortico-cortical modulation
  • Fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET)
  • Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

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