UV-DDB is a DNA damage recognition protein recently discovered to participate in the removal of 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxoG) by stimulating multiple steps of base excision repair (BER). In this study, we examined whether UV-DDB has a wider role in BER besides oxidized bases and found it has specificity for two known DNA substrates of alkyladenine glycosylase (AAG)/N-methylpurine DNA glycosylase (MPG): 1, N6-ethenoadenine (ϵA) and hypoxanthine. Gel mobility shift assays show that UV-DDB recognizes these two lesions 4-5 times better than non-damaged DNA. Biochemical studies indicated that UV-DDB stimulated AAG activity on both substrates by 4- to 5-fold. Native gels indicated UV-DDB forms a transient complex with AAG to help facilitate release of AAG from the abasic site product. Single molecule experiments confirmed the interaction and showed that UV-DDB can act to displace AAG from abasic sites. Cells when treated with methyl methanesulfonate resulted in foci containing AAG and UV-DDB that developed over the course of several hours after treatment. While colocalization did not reach 100%, foci containing AAG and UV-DDB reached a maximum at three hours post treatment. Together these data indicate that UV-DDB plays an important role in facilitating the repair of AAG substrates.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||Nucleic Acids Research|
|State||Published - 9 Dec 2022|