Constipation misperception is associated with gender, marital status, treatment utilization and constipation symptoms experienced

Tae Hee Lee, Suck Chei Choi, Moo In Park, Kyung Sik Park, Jeong Eun Shin, Seong Eun Kim, Kee Wook Jung, Hoon Sup Koo, Wan Jung Kim, Young Kwan Cho, Yeon Soo Kim, Ji Sung Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Aims: It is essential that clinicians have an understanding of patients' perceptions of constipation as well as constipation misperception (CM), which can be defined as failure to recognize the six constipation symptoms (infrequency, straining, hard stool, incomplete evacuation, anorectal obstruction or manual maneuver). The aims of our study were to identify the prevalence of CM and its association with demographics and clinical features. Methods: This nationwide survey included 625 self-reported constipated subjects (431 females; mean age, 41.2 years) among random participants in the National Health Screening Program. The prevalence of CM for each constipation symptom was estimated, and the participants were classified into nil (0), low (1-2), mid (3-4) and high (5-6) level CM subgroups according to the number of misperceived symptoms. Results: The highest rate of CM was observed for manual maneuver (48.3%), followed by anorectal obstruction (38.4%), stool infrequency (34.6%), incomplete evacuation (32.2%), hard stool (27.2%) and straining (25.4%). Among the nil (n = 153), low (n = 242), mid (n = 144) and high level (n = 86) subgroups, there were significant differences in the proportions of males (18.3%, 34.3%, 39.6% and 30.2%; P = 0.001, respectively), never-married status (25.7%, 38.2%, 36.8% and 45.9%; P = 0.030, respectively) and those who did not receive treatment for constipation (41.8%, 47.5%, 58.3% and 66.3%; P < 0.001, respectively). There was a significant linear trend of increasing degree of CM with decreasing symptoms experienced (P < 0.001). Conclusions: CM is significantly associated with gender, marital status, treatment utilization and the range of constipation symptoms experienced.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)379-387
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neurogastroenterology and Motility
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014

Keywords

  • Constipation
  • Health surveys
  • Perception

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