Sandra Pogodda, Oliver P. Richmond, Gëzim Visoka

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterpeer-review


This conclusion summarizes the core findings of our book. The book has explored the dynamics of the recent stagnation of peace processes and the impact of tactical and strategic actions of counter-peace forces. This chapter recaps the typological analysis of three variants of counter-peace and their characterization with specific types of protracted conflicts. Different counter-peace patterns, like the stalemate, limited, and unmitigated counter-peace patterns, are now intertwined with peace and reform processes. The conclusion then briefly reflects on the implications for a developing multi-polar order where local and international peace and reform tools appear ineffective while identifying the rise of counter-peace processes at the heart of unsuccessful peacemaking efforts. It concludes with a few suggestions on where the research agenda on counter-peace might focus in the future.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
PublisherPalgrave Macmillan
Number of pages5
StatePublished - 2023

Publication series

NameRethinking Peace and Conflict Studies
VolumePart F831
ISSN (Print)1759-3735
ISSN (Electronic)2752-857X

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG. 2023.


  • Counter-peace processes
  • Failed peacemaking
  • Interventionary practices
  • Structural violence


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